We know how to form many tenses in Turkish and if you can do them correctly actually you are making sentences. In turkish for a sentence only needed part is the verb.
You conjugate verbs with words but (“ama”,”fakat”) and because (“çünkü”) . Let’s try and see.
Sana hediye aldım ÇÜNKÜ seni seviyorum. ( I bought you a gift because i love you)
Sana hediye alacağım AMA param yok. (I will buy you a gift but i dont have money)
Hediye : present,gift
sana : to you (Comes from the word “sen”)
Try to conjugate some sentences with but and because in the comments.
The daily life speeches have a great size of “i want” and “i don’t want” . Today we gonna have a quick look <h1>how to say i want to do something in Turkish</h1>.
I want to do something : Birşey yapmak istiyorum.
Something : Birşey / to do : yapmak / I want : istiyorum. (I am wanting)
Let’s try i want to drink something : to drink :içmek
Bir şey içmek istiyorum.
Ne içmek istiyorsun? // Guess it.
Bira içmek istiyorum. : Bira: beer
I want to ride bicycle : Bisiklet binmek istiyorum.
Guess the word “to ride” in this sentence :
Koşmak istemiyorum : I don’t want to run.
//take a look at negative form present tense if you have problem with “istemiyorum.”
Su içmek istiyorum. (Su : water) do you understand what does it mean?
Try to make some sentences in the comments.
Today i am gonna show you
how to form future tenses in Turkish language
It is just like the same in the previous you do have a suffix and add it to the verb. The suffix to form future tenses is “-ecek”
Let see it on the verb Gelmek : to come
Gel+eceğ+im <— see the transformation of k to ğ . Any ideas?
Gel+eceğ+iz <—-also in here what is the common thing about this change?
About The rule about the transformation of k to ğ (and some more) you dont have to worry it right now. If you even say “gelecekim” to people they will understand you. I will tell this rule later on.
Voila!!! This is that easy. Verb + -ecek suffix + posession that is all you need.
Hint : Present tense can be used about future actions. It can be used with correct timing. For example.
Pazartesi geliyorum. : I am coming on monday.
Pazartesi geleceğim : I will come on Monday.
Both are good.
Another example :
Kalmak : To stay
Dont forget the wovel harmony. 🙂
Please pick a verb and try it on the comment section.
As always my fellow friend Stefan,from Germany give me some examples about can and can not forms in Turkish. He is a really nice beta tester for Turkish. Anyway after i talk with him i understood that he is having problems with
CAN NOT in Turkish
issue. Thats my mistake i didnt tell you how
As you remember
To do : Yapmak
i can do : Yap+abilir+im
i can not do yap+a+ma+m
-remember me,ma suffix is for negative forms from the tenses.
Lets try more
Kaçabilirim : i can escape
kaçamam. i cant run.
Main idea is this.
“Can” is a kind of ability in English. You will never forget how to say can sentences in Turkish anymore.
Ability -ebil (sounds like ability)
Lets try to Learn Ability form in Turkish Language.
lets pick our verb. Konuşmak : to speak
I can speak Turkish : Türkçe konuşabiliyorum. Konuş+abil+iyor+um
Remember the “iyor”? Yes it is the Present tense suffix.
I used to speak Turkish : Türkçe konuşabiliyordum
Remember the “di”? Yes it is the Past tense suffix.
There are other forms of “CAN” with other tenses suffixes. But main idea is
Pick a verb from a Dictionary and do this exercise in here.
For both past end present form.
Also a big challange say:
CAN I HELP YOU?
I know you are trying to Learn Turkish language and you are making a great effort. But i will tell you a secret. Turkish can be the most easy language in the entire world. How did i say that?
I used to read an article about the kids Learning Turkish. Acording to that research the Turkish kids learn to speak their native language grammatically correct faster than the rest of the world spearking their own languages.
Did you know that? So be relax. Turkish is an easy language to learn.
One of the other clue about being it so easy is most of the words are one slyabble and short.
like : gel,git,koş,al,tut,yat,uyu,it,at,sat,saç (come,go,run,take,catch,sleep,dog,horse,sell,hair). You can disagree with me like yeah English is the same that you are write in here. Making new words is another powerful act of Turkish. I will give you the silliest example ever but it is perfectly sense.
çekoslavakyalılaştıramadıklarımızdan mısınız? // Are you the ones that we couldnt make you Checzoslavakian?
One word for many words in English.
Ok now back to study! I just wanted to share some ideas.
Go to your studies back to Learn Turkish.
The suffix for forming past tense in Turkish is -di. If you studied present tense i can say that past tense is easy as present tense. Lets Learn Turkish grammar!
Gelmek (To come)
gel+di+m (I came)
gel+di+n (You(singular) came )
gel+di (He-She-It came)
gel+di+k (We came)
gel+di+niz (You(plural) came)
gel+di+ler (They came)
hapşurmak = to sneeze
Just to show you another piece of grammar i will show you a strange thing about Turkish language. I guess at first this will be really hard for foreigners at least for people who are not in Ugric Altaic Language Family (Finnish-Magyar etc).
Gitmek = to go
git+ti+m <—- be careful to the change of d –> t
This is the change of the letters a like.Will see it in later courses.
To form possession in Turkish. All you need to add possesive sufixes to your nouns.
Arabam also means my car Benim arabam is also means my car.
Senin araban mı? / is it your car?
Evet benim. / Yes mine.
Evet benim arabam / Yes it’s my car.
Try to write possessive pronoun for words :
You can write them to Comments so i can correct you. You can try other words as well.
Days of week in Turkish are
Monday – Pazartesi
Tuesday – Salı
Wednesday – Çarşamba
Friday – Cuma
Saturday – Cumartesi
Sunday – Pazar
Yeah it sounds complicated i know . Small hint the words come from
pazartesi = pazar+ ertesi
ertesi : mean something like the day after- the next day. So if you can remember cuma and pazar you definetly know the upcoming 2 days as well.