There is | There is NOT |I have | I don’t have

Ok todays lesson is a little different than the other grammar stuff. This one is easy but hard to understand for some people at first.

-VAR (There is | have)

-YOK (There is not | have not)

Lets try to say i have a car .

Car: araba

araba(m) var -I have a car :[You use the possesion suffix to tell that it is your car.] {Benim arabam var.}

araba(m) yok- I don’t have a car

araba(n) yok – You don’t have a car.

araba yok – There is no car.

araba(s)(ı) yok – He/she doesnt have a car. I correct this one after i see Laura’s post the suffix is not (sı) but only ı .Y,S,Ş,N is used when the words are finished with the letter a,e,i,o,u,ü,ö,ı (ANOTHER LESSON TO LEARN LATER)

you can form lots of sentences like this.


try to say : i have 2 apples in my pocket

Posted in there is /there is not, Turkish Grammar | Tagged , | 16 Comments

Where is the nearest Post Office? in Turkish

Where is the nearest Post Office? It is a common sentence in nearly every language 🙂 I used to hate this chapter when i was learning foreign language.Anyway. I will make it really easy like right and left and asking the question.

Where is the nearest Post Office? En yakın Postane nerede?

Sağda – on the right

solda – on the left

dümdüz – straight on

ileri – forward

geri – backward

Posted in Life, where is | Tagged | 7 Comments

How old are you? in Turkish

Kaç yaşındasın? – How old are you?
Ben 29 yaşındayım. – I am 29 years old.
Kaç =how many

yaş = age

yaşın = your age

yaşın+da = at your age

Posted in howoldareyou, Life | Tagged | 11 Comments

Turkish Grammar – How to form sentences in Turkish Language

I have a friend from Germany and he is trying to learn Turkish like you are. And sometimes when he tries to speak He spoke like Tarzan. Why? Because he has no idea about the line of words. So here is how you form sentences in Turkish language.

Subject + Complements+VERB.

Hint : VERB is always at the end.

also there is a relation with the verb and the subject

This order is the most used, and make sense form. Lets see some examples.

Stefan işe gidiyor. //Stefan is going to work

Ben Türkçe öğretiyor+um. // I am teaching Turkish.
Sen Türkçe öğreniyor+sun // You are learning Turkish.
Stefan camı kırdı. //Stefan broke the glass.


Posted in Turkish Grammar, WordOrder | Tagged | 9 Comments

Do you speak Turkish?

Türkçe konuşuyor musun?

No I don’t speak Turkish = Hayır Türkçe konuşmuyorum.

Yes I speak Turkish = Evet Türkçe konuşuyorum.

İngilizce konuşuyor musunuz?

– Hayır Konuşmuyorum.

– Evet biraz konuşuyorum. – Yes i speak a little

biraz = bir + az
bir = one
az = less , little

Posted in doyouspeakturkish, Life | Tagged | 9 Comments

Where are you FROM? in Turkish

Ok now we learned to salut people and ask how are they? and now we may start to talk about where we are from. Let’s start with asking where people are from.

– Nere+den+sin – Nere+den+siniz

Can you tell me the difference?

The difference in these two sentences 1st one is for 2nd singular (you-sen) and the other one is for 2nd plural person (you-siz).

Nere +den +sin
WHere+are you+from

You can respond it like

İngiltere+den+im . = I am from England.
Fransa+dan+ım = I am from France.
İstanbul+dan+ım = I am from Istanbul.

As you can see -den may change acording to wovel harmony as well.

Try to say where are you from, in the comments of this thread. So we or people who knows this thread can correct you. Don’t be shy.

Posted in Life, Whereareyoufrom | Tagged | 37 Comments

Meeting new people

It is common to shake hands with people whom you first met and introduced in Turkey. You shake your hand and say your first name when introduced.

M-Alper, Bu Esra, Esra bu da Alper – Alper, this is Esra . and Esra, this is Alper.
A- Tanıştığımıza Memnun oldum. – Pleased to meet you
E- Ben de. – Me too.

A-Ben Alper – I am Alper.
E-Ben de Esra. Memnun oldum. – I am Esra, Pleased to meet you
A-Ben de memnun oldum. Nasılsınız?- I am plesed to meet you too. How are you (plural)?
E- İyiyim ya siz?
A- Bende iyiyim. Teşekkürler.

Posted in Life, Meeting | Tagged | Comments Off on Meeting new people

Greetings in Turkish

It is common to greet people when they are meet. and ask about how they are.

Merhaba : Hello // Usage of this word is limited. Most of the people use selam.
Selam : Hi
Naber? (Long form is ne haber) : something similar to “What’s up”
Nasılsın? : How are you?
İyiyim : I am fine
Kötüyüm : I am bad.

Lets practice some conversational Turkish

M- Selam Alper.
A- Selam Mehmet naber?
M- İyi ya senden? //Fine What about you?
A- İyi Teşekkür ederim. //Fine thanks

M-Selam Alper.
A- İyi. sen nasılsın?
M- Ben de iyiyim. // I am fine too.

Posted in Greetings, Life | Tagged | Comments Off on Greetings in Turkish

Turkish Numbers

Learning numbers in Turkish is one of the easiest thing. Because we don’t have exceptions like eleven,twelve. It is really logical for a math person.

0 – Sıfır
1 – Bir
2 – İki
3 – Üç
4 – Dört
5 – Beş
6 – Altı
7 – Yedi
8 – Sekiz
9 – Dokuz
10 – On
20 – Yirmi
30 – Otuz
40 – Kırk
50 – Elli
60 – Altmış
70 – Yetmiş
80 – Seksen
90 – Doksan
100 – Yüz
1000 – Bin
1000000 – Milyon
1000000000 – Milyar

All you need to do is memorize these numbers first. And dissolve the number and read the numbers in order. Let’s see some examples.

14= 10+4= On dört

18 =10+8 = On sekiz

43 = 40+3= Kırk üç

96= 90+6= Doksan altı

22 =20+2= Yirmi iki

126 =100+20+6 = yüz yirmi altı

1453=1000+4*100+50+3 = bin dörtyüz elli üç

133292=133*1000+2*100+90+2 = yüz otuz üç BİN iki YÜZ doksan iki

1987267=1000000+987*1000+2*100+60+7 =Bir milyon dokuz yüz seksen yedi BİN iki yüz altmış yedi

Try these numbers by yourself


Best exercise for this is to read signs in the walls,busses,metro stations etc.

Posted in Life, Numbers | Tagged | 2 Comments

Turkish Grammar – Present Tense Question

To ask a question we use the suffix


The rule is

verb + (i)yor +(SPACE HERE)+ m(i)+possession

Exception in the 3rd plural person

verb + (i)yor+ l(e)r + (SPACE HERE)+m(i)+

In some places of Turkey the rule is Ok for 3rd plural person as well. Everybody can understand even you are strict about the rule in the 3rd plural person. So no worries when forming questions.

The “i” in the (i)yor and m(i) changes acording to the
vowel harmony.

Note: The question mi is always written as a new word.(DON’T FORGET TO PUT SPACE)
Geliyor muyum? Kalıyor musun? Gidiyor mu?

Gel : Come / Gelmek : To come
gel+(i)+yor+ mu+y+um? —> am I coming?
gel+(i)+yor+ mu+sun? —> are you coming? (Singular)
gel+(i)+yor+ mu? —> is He/She/It coming?

gel+(i)+yor+ mu+y+uz? —> are we coming?
gel+(i)+yor+ mu+sunuz? —> are you coming? (Plural)
gel+(i)+yor+lar mı?—> are they coming?

Kal : stay / Kalmak : To stay
kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+y+um? —> am I staying?
kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+sun? —> are you staying? (Singular.)
kal+(ı)+yor mu? —> is He/She/It staying?

kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+y+uz? —> are we staying?
kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+sunuz? —> are you staying? (Plural)
kal+(ı)+yor+lar mı? —> are they staying?

Koş : run / Koşmak : To run
koş+(u)+yor+ mu+y+um? —> am I running?
koş+(u)+yor+ mu+sun? —> are you running? (Singular)
koş+(u)+yor mu?—> is He/She/It running?

koş+(u)+yor+mu+y+uz? —> are we running?
koş+(u)+yor+mu+sunuz? —> are you running? (Plural)
koş+(u)+yor+lar mı?—> are they running?

Düşün : Think / Düşünmek : To Think

Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+y+um?—> am I thinking?
Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+sun? —> are you thinking? (Singular)
Düşün +(ü)+yor mu?—> is He/She/It thinking?

Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+y+uz? —> are we thinking?
Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+sunuz? —> are you thinking? (Plural)
Düşün +(ü)+yor+lar mı? —> are they thinking?

Workshop :
Try these verbs by yourself.

Sevmek: To love
Gezmek: To travel
Konuşmak : To speak
Gülmek : To laugh

Posted in Present Tense, Turkish Grammar | Tagged | 4 Comments