How to form past tense in Turkish

The suffix for forming past tense in Turkish is -di. If you studied present tense i can say that past tense is easy as present tense. Lets Learn Turkish grammar!

Gelmek (To come)

gel+di+m (I came)

gel+di+n  (You(singular) came )

gel+di    (He-She-It came)

gel+di+k (We came)

gel+di+niz (You(plural) came)

gel+di+ler  (They came)

hapşurmak = to sneeze

hapşur+du+m

hapşur+du+n

hapşur+du

hapşur+du+k

hapşur+du+nuz

hapşur+du+lar

Just to show you another piece of grammar i will show you a strange thing about Turkish language. I guess at first this will be really hard for foreigners at least for people who are not in Ugric Altaic Language Family (Finnish-Magyar etc).

Gitmek = to go

git+ti+m  <—- be careful to the change of d –> t

git+ti+n

git+ti

git+ti+k

git+ti+niz

git+ti+ler

This is the change of the letters a like.Will see it in later courses.

6 comments

  1. fran

    why is it “giTmek” and “giDice˘gim”?
    t or d?

    <--- you didnt see that lesson yet. but some letters transform into a softer sound when a suffix with starting with a,e,ı,i,o,ö,u,ü is added.

  2. Lilith

    gülmek : to laugh

    güldüm
    güldün
    güldü
    güldük
    güldünüz
    güldüler
    🙂

    <--- i am smiling to you back. sana gülümsüyorum.

  3. ahmed adel

    hello my name is ahmed i am new here

    i only could reach to question and negative in present tense ok but what about the other tenses

    <----you can check other tenses from the tag searches on the right menu

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