Category: Present Tense

Grammar – Present Tense in Turkish Language

As i promised to my fellow reader today i am gonna teach you present tense in Turkish.

Yeah i hear you some people yelling “we already learned present tense” . Yes you are right but it was present continous tense.

Gelmek: to come

Gel+ir+im  : I come

Gel+ir+sin : You come

gel+ir : he/she/it comes

Gel+ir+iz : we come

gel+ir+siniz : you come

gel+ir+ler : they come

The best way to give an example to this tense is your habbits. You get up at 8 and go to work at 9 etc.

Ex: 8’de uyanirim ve 9’da işe giderim.

try some phrases ,verbs in the comments section.

Turkish Grammar – Present Tense Question

To ask a question we use the suffix

-mi

The rule is

verb + (i)yor +(SPACE HERE)+ m(i)+possession

Exception in the 3rd plural person

verb + (i)yor+ l(e)r + (SPACE HERE)+m(i)+

In some places of Turkey the rule is Ok for 3rd plural person as well. Everybody can understand even you are strict about the rule in the 3rd plural person. So no worries when forming questions.

The “i” in the (i)yor and m(i) changes acording to the
vowel harmony.

Note: The question mi is always written as a new word.(DON’T FORGET TO PUT SPACE)
Geliyor muyum? Kalıyor musun? Gidiyor mu?

Gel : Come / Gelmek : To come
gel+(i)+yor+ mu+y+um? —> am I coming?
gel+(i)+yor+ mu+sun? —> are you coming? (Singular)
gel+(i)+yor+ mu? —> is He/She/It coming?

gel+(i)+yor+ mu+y+uz? —> are we coming?
gel+(i)+yor+ mu+sunuz? —> are you coming? (Plural)
gel+(i)+yor+lar mı?—> are they coming?

Kal : stay / Kalmak : To stay
kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+y+um? —> am I staying?
kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+sun? —> are you staying? (Singular.)
kal+(ı)+yor mu? —> is He/She/It staying?

kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+y+uz? —> are we staying?
kal+(ı)+yor+ mu+sunuz? —> are you staying? (Plural)
kal+(ı)+yor+lar mı? —> are they staying?

Koş : run / Koşmak : To run
koş+(u)+yor+ mu+y+um? —> am I running?
koş+(u)+yor+ mu+sun? —> are you running? (Singular)
koş+(u)+yor mu?—> is He/She/It running?

koş+(u)+yor+mu+y+uz? —> are we running?
koş+(u)+yor+mu+sunuz? —> are you running? (Plural)
koş+(u)+yor+lar mı?—> are they running?

Düşün : Think / Düşünmek : To Think

Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+y+um?—> am I thinking?
Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+sun? —> are you thinking? (Singular)
Düşün +(ü)+yor mu?—> is He/She/It thinking?

Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+y+uz? —> are we thinking?
Düşün +(ü)+yor+mu+sunuz? —> are you thinking? (Plural)
Düşün +(ü)+yor+lar mı? —> are they thinking?

Workshop :
Try these verbs by yourself.

Sevmek: To love
Gezmek: To travel
Konuşmak : To speak
Gülmek : To laugh

Turkish Grammar – Present Tense Negative Form

To make a verb negative in Turkish we use the suffixes

-me
-ma

Gel : come / Gelme :Don’t come
Kal : stay / Kalma : Don’t stay

For present tense
The rule is

verb +m(e)+ yor + possession

The “e” in the -me changes acording to the
vowel harmony.

Gel : Come / Gelmek : To come
gel+m(i)+yor+um —> I am not coming
gel+m(i)+yor+sun —> You are not coming (Singular)
gel+m(i)+yor —> He/She/It is not coming.

gel+m(i)+yor+uz —> We are not coming
gel+m(i)+yor+sunuz —> You are not coming (Plural)
gel+m(i)+yor+lar —> They are not coming

Kal : stay / Kalmak : To stay
kal+m(ı)+yor+um —> I am not staying
kal+m(ı)+yor+sun —> You are not staying (Singular.)
kal+m(ı)+yor —> He/She/It is not staying

kal+m(ı)+yor+uz —> We are not staying
kal+m(ı)+yor+sunuz —> You are not staying (Plural)
kal+m(ı)+yor+lar —> They are not staying.

Koş : run / Koşmak : To run
koş+m(u)+yor+um —> I am not running
koş+m(u)+yor+sun —> You are not running (Singular)
koş+m(u)+yor —> He/She/It is not running

koş+m(u)+yor+uz —> We are not running
koş+m(u)+yor+sunuz —> You are not running (Plural)
koş+m(u)+yor+lar —> They are not running

Düşün : Think / Düşünmek : To Think

Düşün +m(ü)+yor+um —> I am not thinking
Düşün +m(ü)+yor+sun —> You are not thinking (Singular)
Düşün +m(ü)+yor —> He/She/It is not thinking

Düşün +m(ü)+yor+uz —> We are not thinking
Düşün +m(ü)+yor+sunuz —> You are not thinking (Plural)
Düşün +m(ü)+yor+lar —> They are not thinking
Workshop :

Try these verbs by yourself in negative form.

Sevmek: To love
Gezmek: To travel
Konuşmak : To speak
Gülmek : To laugh

For more information you can check this Turkish text.
Since i assume that you don’t know Turkish yet it will be nice to open the document and try to see which verbs are negative.

Turkish Grammar – Present Tense

It is simple to form present tense in Turkish.

The rule is

verb + (i)yor + possession

The “i” in the (i)yor changes acording to the
vowel harmony.

Gel : Come / Gelmek : To come
gel+(i)+yor+um —> I am coming
gel+(i)+yor+sun —> You are coming (Singular)
gel+(i)+yor —> He/She/It is coming.

gel+(i)+yor+uz —> We are coming
gel+(i)+yor+sunuz —> You are coming (Plural)
gel+(i)+yor+lar —> They are coming

Kal : stay / Kalmak : To stay
kal+(ı)+yor+um —> I am staying
kal+(ı)+yor+sun —> You are staying (Singular.)
kal+(ı)+yor —> He/She/It is staying

kal+(ı)+yor+uz —> We are staying
kal+(ı)+yor+sunuz —> You are staying (Plural)
kal+(ı)+yor+lar —> They are staying.

Koş : run / Koşmak : To run
koş+(u)+yor+um —> I am running
koş+(u)+yor+sun —> You are running (Singular)
koş+(u)+yor —> He/She/It is running

koş+(u)+yor+uz —> We are running
koş+(u)+yor+sunuz —> You are running (Plural)
koş+(u)+yor+lar —> They are running

Düşün : Think / Düşünmek : To Think

Düşün +(ü)+yor+um —> I am thinking
Düşün +(ü)+yor+sun —> You are thinking (Singular)
Düşün +(ü)+yor —> He/She/It is thinking

Düşün +(ü)+yor+uz —> We are thinking
Düşün +(ü)+yor+sunuz —> You are thinking (Plural)
Düşün +(ü)+yor+lar —> They are thinking
Workshop :
Try these verbs by yourself.

Sevmek: To love
Gezmek: To travel
Konuşmak : To speak
Gülmek : To laugh