Category: Past Tense

Turkish grammar Past Tense – Part II

Merhaba everybody,

Today’s lesson is Past Tense. I hear people screaming “we had that lesson before”. Yeah i know i know. But what you don’t know is actually there is 2 types of past tense in Turkish language. One with the -di suffix and -miş suffix. You previously learned the -di past tense. That one is most common in daily language.

The difference between -di and -miş past tenses is easy. If you lived the event, or see with your own eyes, with your own senses it is done with -di suffix, if you didnt see , didnt hear -miş is used. -miş tense is used in Stories and tales.

Let’s see how to form past tense in Turkish language :

Doğmak : to born, (sun rising)

Doğ+muş+um.

Doğ+muş+sun.

Doğ+muş

Doğ+muş+uz

Doğ+muş+sunuz

Doğ+muş+lar

Güneş doğmuş ama ben görmedim. Uyuyordum.  — Sun was risen up but i didnt see. I was sleeping.  (Didnt see the sun rise so -miş is used)

Güneşini doğuşunu izledim.  — I watched the sun rise. (I watched the sun rise with my own eyes so -di is used)

Güneşin doğuşunu izlemiş – He watched the rise of the sun ( He watched the rise of the sun but i didnt see him watching)

How to form past tense in Turkish

The suffix for forming past tense in Turkish is -di. If you studied present tense i can say that past tense is easy as present tense. Lets Learn Turkish grammar!

Gelmek (To come)

gel+di+m (I came)

gel+di+n  (You(singular) came )

gel+di    (He-She-It came)

gel+di+k (We came)

gel+di+niz (You(plural) came)

gel+di+ler  (They came)

hapşurmak = to sneeze

hapşur+du+m

hapşur+du+n

hapşur+du

hapşur+du+k

hapşur+du+nuz

hapşur+du+lar

Just to show you another piece of grammar i will show you a strange thing about Turkish language. I guess at first this will be really hard for foreigners at least for people who are not in Ugric Altaic Language Family (Finnish-Magyar etc).

Gitmek = to go

git+ti+m  <—- be careful to the change of d –> t

git+ti+n

git+ti

git+ti+k

git+ti+niz

git+ti+ler

This is the change of the letters a like.Will see it in later courses.