Category: Turkish Grammar

if clause in Turkish language

Hei folks,

Thank god for making Turkish really an easy language.  It has been a long time since my last post. Since that i have worked very hard, we have celebrated sacrifice holiday in Turkey. but i was so occupied with my East Europe tour. Visited Czech Republic, Poland and Hungary.

Can you believe that i was not able to say thank you in Polish? This is why i thank for Turkish. .)

Today i am gonna talk about if (eğer) clauses. To make a if clause

-eğer güzel ise ben de alacağım. (if it is nice i will buy it too)

the idea is to use -ise.

 If : Eğer

yakışıklıysa or yakışıklı ise  is used with subjectives

koşacaksan  is used with verbs.

Eğer polonyaya gidecekseniz yanınıza euro almaya gerek yok. – If you will go to poland there is no need to take euro with you.

Eğer seviyorsan arkasından gitmelisin. – if you love her you should go after her. (I am so romantic today lol )

-Eğer geleceksen bana haber ver : <——TRANSLATE this own your own.

Geldiysen kapıyı çal<——- TRANSLATE this own your own.

Create some if clauses in the comments so i can correct them.

Grammar – Present Tense in Turkish Language

As i promised to my fellow reader today i am gonna teach you present tense in Turkish.

Yeah i hear you some people yelling “we already learned present tense” . Yes you are right but it was present continous tense.

Gelmek: to come

Gel+ir+im  : I come

Gel+ir+sin : You come

gel+ir : he/she/it comes

Gel+ir+iz : we come

gel+ir+siniz : you come

gel+ir+ler : they come

The best way to give an example to this tense is your habbits. You get up at 8 and go to work at 9 etc.

Ex: 8’de uyanirim ve 9’da işe giderim.

try some phrases ,verbs in the comments section.

Turkish Grammar – Noun Adjuncts (İsim Tamlamaları)

Hei guys,

It has been a while again since my last post. Sorry for the delay. But i had a such a great time in Thailand.

A view from Grand Palace- Thailand - Bangkok

Just wanted to share a photo with you. In this while i learned some thai language 🙂

Now let’s focus on our subject. TURKISH LANGUAGE!!

Today we gonna study  Noun Adjuncts.

Ali’nin kitabı – Ali’s Book

Arabanın kapısı – Car’s Door

kitabın sayfası – book’s page , page of book

let’s examine these examples little bit.

Ali’nin kitap+ı  <—Ali’nin kita(b)ı

kitap+ın sayfa+s+ı <—kita(b)ın sayfası

The change of p—->b is because there is a open letter conjugated it is about another rule in Turkish language.

The main idea about noun adjuncts is  the first noun takes a -(y,ş,s,n)in  suffix and the second noun takes -(y,ş,s,n) i 

Try some examples in the comments page…

Turkish grammar Past Tense – Part II

Merhaba everybody,

Today’s lesson is Past Tense. I hear people screaming “we had that lesson before”. Yeah i know i know. But what you don’t know is actually there is 2 types of past tense in Turkish language. One with the -di suffix and -miş suffix. You previously learned the -di past tense. That one is most common in daily language.

The difference between -di and -miş past tenses is easy. If you lived the event, or see with your own eyes, with your own senses it is done with -di suffix, if you didnt see , didnt hear -miş is used. -miş tense is used in Stories and tales.

Let’s see how to form past tense in Turkish language :

Doğmak : to born, (sun rising)

Doğ+muş+um.

Doğ+muş+sun.

Doğ+muş

Doğ+muş+uz

Doğ+muş+sunuz

Doğ+muş+lar

Güneş doğmuş ama ben görmedim. Uyuyordum.  — Sun was risen up but i didnt see. I was sleeping.  (Didnt see the sun rise so -miş is used)

Güneşini doğuşunu izledim.  — I watched the sun rise. (I watched the sun rise with my own eyes so -di is used)

Güneşin doğuşunu izlemiş – He watched the rise of the sun ( He watched the rise of the sun but i didnt see him watching)

need,i need,i have need in Turkish

i need a pencil. —>Bir kaleme ihtiyacım var .

Do you remember the word “var”. If not please look at the previous lessons. var means there is  also can be used as i have.

the word ihtiyaç means need so ihtiyacım var means i have a need. So the correct translation will be something like i have a need to a pencil.

Eğlenmeye ihtiyacım var . : i need to have fun.

Koşmaya ihtiyacım var çünkü çok şişmanladım. (Try to figure it out by yourself) you can ask from the comments as well.

So you can create sentences with your needs. to the comments page again. so i can correct you.

Turkish Grammar – Have to : Must

To form have to,must sentences the suffix is -meli.

I have to go : Gitmeliyim = Git+meli+y+im.

You have to run : Koş+malı+s+ın

He has to go : Git+meli

We have to say  : Söyle+meli+y+iz

You have to do : Yap+malı+s+ınız

They have to drink : İç+meli+ler

This is how you form “have to” sentences try some in the comments…

with,by proposition in Turkish language

with,by proposition in turkish is the word “ile”.

I came to work by car .

İşe araba ile geldim.
or
İşe araba+y+la geldim.

Both forms are correct . It is like “It’s” and “it is”.

Benim ile geliyor musun? Are you coming with me?

Did you notice something different? Nope?

Let me show you then Benim arabam = my car.

when you use ile word you use my rather than me actually. Think like :

are you coming by my car? Benim arabam ile mi geliyorsun?

—>A small note to My finnish visitors (which are really small in size) You will understand it much better 🙂

Challange : Translate the sentence.
“Are you having fun with me?” –> to comments page please….

Superlative adjectives in Turkish language

Now it is time to compare who speaks Turkish better 🙂

Superlative adjectives in Turkish language

I speak Turkish better than Stefan.

Ben Stefan’dan daha iyi Türkçe konuşuyorum. (Sounds complex? lets have a closer look)

Ben: I

Stefan’dan : (means From stefan ) than Stefan

iyi : good 

daha iyi : better 

As you can see the word “daha” corresponds to -er suffix in English.

Senden daha güzelim. (I am more beautiful than you)

For to make the sentence like

She is the most beautiful girl.  ( O en güzel kız)

the word is “en” is used to give the meaning of “the most”.

Find some adjectives from a Turkish dictionary and make sentences in the comments section.

Let’s do in Turkish Language.

Still remember the moment when i went to pick Herr Stefan from the airport Istanbul. I was still trying to teach Stefan by that time. and i said

Me-Haydi

Stefan- Heidi is a german girls name.

Then i had a great laughter but i am sure he will never forget the word Haydi. And you will not forget it as well.

Let’s talk : Haydi Konuş+al+ım.

Let’s run : Haydi Koş+al+ım

Let’s drink some beer : Haydi bira iç+el+im.

I guess you get the point . 🙂

but and because sentences in Turkish Language

We know how to form many tenses in Turkish and if you can do them correctly actually you are making sentences. In turkish for a sentence only needed part is the verb.

You conjugate verbs with words but (“ama”,”fakat”) and because (“çünkü”) . Let’s try and see.

Sana hediye aldım ÇÜNKÜ seni seviyorum. ( I bought you a gift because i love you)

Sana hediye alacağım AMA param yok.  (I will buy you a gift but i dont have money)

Hediye : present,gift

sana : to you  (Comes from the word “sen”)

Try to conjugate some sentences with but and because in the comments.